Start out by using a piece of sandpaper to scratch up the center, bottom of the mason jar and the top of the glass candlestick. This will help the glue hold onto the glass better. Then wash and dry them both to remove any dust.
Set the mason jar, bottom side up, on your work surface. Put a generous amount of E6000 glue (or other strong, clear glue) onto the top of the glass candlestick. Press the top of the candlestick to the bottom of the mason jar. Let them sit undisturbed for at least 24 hours.
Of course, as with any craft project, use your imagination to make it unique. How about scouting your local thrift shop to find more colorful aor distinctive candlesticks? You can use grass paint or dimensional paint to add some interest to your wine glass. You can also decorate the lid. How about using decoupage techniques?
If you are giving it as a gift, you might also want to make a little hand written tag that says "Redneck Wine Glass". Also include on the tag that the wine glass should be washed by hand only.